Friday, September 26, 2008

नांदेडमधील गुरूद्वारे

नमस्कार मित्रांनो,
आपण सर्वजण नांदेडमध्ये राहतो, पण आपल्यापैकी
किती लोकांना नांदेडमधील गुरूद्वारयांची नावे माहित आहेत ?

किती लोकांना गुरुद्वारयांचा पत्ता माहित आहे ?
किती लोक सर्व गुरुद्वारे पाहून आले आहेत ?

या सर्व प्रश्नांची उत्तरे तुम्हालाही माहित आहेत त्यामुळे इथे त्यांची उत्तरे लिहिण्यापेक्षा मी त्या उत्तरांची कारणमिमांसा करणार आहे.
आज मी इथे नांदेडमधील सर्व गुरूद्वारयांची माहिती देणार आहे.

सर्व शिख बांधवांना समजावे म्हणून ही माहिती इंग्रजीमध्ये देण्यात येईल.

१) तख्त सचखंड श्री हजुर साहिब अबचलनगर

The Eternal Father willed and I raised the Panth. All my Sikhs are hereby ordered to accept the Granth as their Preceptor. Have faith in the holy Granth, as your master and consider it the visible manifestation of the Gurus. He who hath a pure heart will seek guidance from its holy words."

........These are the words uttered by Guru Sri Gobind Singh ji, before he left for his heavenly abode (Parlok Gaman) along with his horse Dilbag on October 7, 1708 at Nanded in Maharashtra.

A few days before Parlok Gaman, Guru Gobind Singh ji ended the line of personal Guruship by appointing the “Granth Sahib” (Gur-Ta-Gaddi) as his official successor with the status of ‘Eternal Guru’. His objective was great and laudable. He fully realized that human beings are perishable, but noble ideas live forever – they are eternal. For this reason he made the Granth Sahib a repository of sublime ideals, a spiritual and secular guru that contains hymns of Muslim, Hindu, and Harijan saints in addition to the compositions of sikh gurus. He thus entrusted the destiny of the Khalsa not to a charismatic personality but to the collective wisdom of the community. His sole mission was to restore mankind to a single brotherhood.

२) नगिना घाट साहिब

Gurudwara Nagina Ghat Sahib stands on the bank of Godavari river, about 400 mtrs., southwest of Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib. According to a folklore, a rich merchant went to Guru Gobind Singh ji while he was watching the river flow. Proud of his wealth, he presented a nagina (precious stone set in gold) to the Guru, who took it and casually threw it in the river. The merchant bore a look as if pitying the Guru that he did not understand the value of the nagina.

Guru ji read his thoughts and bade him to take out his nagina from the river if that was so valuable. It is said that when the devotee entered into the river, to his surprise, the river bed was full of precious stones all around. Purged of his false pride, the merchant fell at the Guru's feet.

The present building stands on a high plinth which comprises of a square hall in which Guru Granth Sahib ji is seated on a canopied palaki of white marble and a smaller square room topped by a dome on the first floor.

३) बंदा घाट साहिब

Guru Gobind Singh had heard about Bairagi Sadhu from Mahant Jait Ram of Singh Dadu Dwara. His original name was Lachhman Das. A Rajput by birth he had been trained in the martial arts and had been fond of hunting. A chance killing of a pregnant doe at his hands transformed him first into a remorseful sinner in search of redemption, and later, after having acquired some occult powers through austerities and single minded devotion to learning of such arts, into an arrogant recluse impatient with lesser mortals, Guru Gobind Singh, within a few days of his arrival at Nanded came to see him here, according to Bhatt Vahi sources on 3rd September 1708. Madho Das was not in his hermitage then, and the Guru decided to wait for him. It is said that in order to test the Bairagi�s mettle, the Guru deliberatly provoked him by having some of the former�s goats slaughtered by the Sikhs. This naturally put Madho Das besides himself with anger as he returned to his hermitage and found the trespass and he sacrillege, and he at once involed his occult powers to bring the trespasser to his knees, but finding them ineffective, he himself took little time to realise and acknowledge the spiritual superiority of the Guru, at whose feet he at once surrendered himself.

४) संगत साहिब

Gurdwara Sangat Sahib is inside the old Nanded town. Its name suggests that a Sikh Sangat existed in Nanded since the time of Guru Nanak Dev's visit, or at least before the time of Guru Gobind Singh's stay here. There is a strong tradition that the treasure found at Mal Tekari was brought here for distribution among the three hundred odd warriors accompanying the Guru. It must have been a big heap of valuables because the disbursement was not in counted coins but a shieldful to each warrior, and still a part of it remained which the Guru got buried again near where it had been found. The shield with which it was dished out is still kept in this Grudwara as a sacred relic. There are three more Gurdwaras - Langar Sahib, Nanak Sar and Ratangarh Sahib - established during the twentieth century by Sant Nidhan Singh and his successors, but they cannot be said to be historical although efforts have been made to popularize legends connecting the latter two to the first and the tenth Guru respectively.

५) हिरा घाट साहिब

About nine kilometres downstream from Nanded is where Guru Gobind Singh first pitched his tents right on the Godavari bank. A legend similar to the one associated with Gurdwara Nagina Gaht Sahib is also related to this shrine. Here it was the emperor, Bahadur Shah, who presented to the Guru a hira (diamond) which the Guru flung into the river, and asked the offended emperor to look into the river, where the latter saw heaps of diamonds. The emperor was deeply impressed and he bowed to the Guru with humility.

६) माता साहिब

This Gurudwara is marks the site of Guru ka Langar supervised by Mata Sahib Devan while the Guru stayed at Gurdwara Hira Ghat. The tradition is kept alive still by serving mid-day meal to pilgrims going the round of various shrines together or in batches traveling by bus, arranged by the Management Board of Takht Sahib. About 250 acres of land, partly arable, are attached to this Gurdwara. The Gurdwara and the land are managed under the auspices of the Management Board. Here Mata Sahib Kaur Ji, the wife of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji had meditated for long time in previous birth and when Guru Gobind Singh Ji came to Nanded, she used to meditate again at the holy site. Guru Ji after daylong travels and hunting would come to this place and take lunch. From that time the Langer or free kitchen is served at this Gurdwara Mata Sahib Kaur Ji, afterwards left for Delhi and took away some weapons of Guru Sahib for daily worship and departed for her heavenly abode there.

७) मालटेकडी साहिब

Gurudwara Mal Tekdi Sahib, dedicated to Guru Nanak Dev ji is about five kilometer from Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib and is linked to the Nanded-Akola road.

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji had visited this place during his journey to Sangla-Deep (known as Sri Lanka or Ceylon now-a-days) Guru Nanak Dev ji is said to have held religious courses with a Muslim reclause Lakkad Shah at this spot called ‘Maal Tilla’ or ‘Chakri Maal’. Lakkad Shah's grave is about 100 mtrs., away from the present Gurudwara. The money, which the Tenth Guru distributed at Gurudwara Sangat Sahib, was dug out from this place.

८) श्री शिकार घाट साहिब

Gurudwara Shikar Ghat Sahib is a beautiful piece of architecture perched on a low hill near the bank of Godavari river, with high wooded hills in the background. Its distance from Sachkand Sri Hazur Sahib is about six kilometers. A bridge was constructed by kar-seva and built over the river Godavari.

A legend is associated with this shrine, too. It is said that Guru Gobind Singh ji came here following the chase (shikar) and killed a rabbit which in a former birth had been Bhai Mula, who belonged to Sialkot (now in Pakistan). He had once accompanied Guru Nanak Dev ji during his travels. Once when Guru Nanak Dev ji went to visit him, Mula avoided the Guru and hid himself for fear that the Guru might take him away on another long journey. Sensing this Guru Nanak Dev ji went away, but such is the travesty of fate that Mula died soon after of snakebite. His repentant soul had since been wandering in different sub-human bodies until, Guru Gobind Singh ji emancipated it by the touch of his arrow.

The present building complex of Shikar Ghat Sahib was re-laid by Baba Jiwan Singh and Baba Dalip Singh Kar sewawale during the 1960’s and early 1970’s. The square sanctum, where Guru Granth Sahib is seated on a canopied throne of white marble, is in the middle of a square hall with walls covered with white marble slabs and ceiling with white glazed tiles. Above the hall, there is a dome over the sanctum, domed kiosks at the corners, and decorative domelets along the length of the walls. The entire exterior from the base upto the top of the dome is covered with white marble slabs. The pinnacle is also of white marble.

आता तरी या गुरूद्वारयांचे पत्ते आणि नावं लक्षात असू द्या मित्रांनो, जेनेकरुन एखाद्या बाहेर गावाहून आलेल्या शिख भाविक/पर्यटकाने तुम्हाला माहिती विचारली तर तुम्हाला त्यांना मदत करता यायला हवी.


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